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    Debbie A. Mohammed 

    David Anyanwu

    Institute of International Relations,

    The University of the West Indies

    St. Augustine, Trinidad

    Published online: February 10, 2017



  1.    Archibold, Randall C (2012). “China Buys Inroads in the Caribbean, Catching U.S. Notice.” New York Times, April 7.


  2.   Bernal, Richard (2010). “Dragon in the Caribbean: China-CARICOM Economic Relations.” The Round Table 99 (408)                June, pp 281- 302.


  3.   Bousquet, Earl (2013). The Caribbean's Conundrum, June 4. 06/04/content_

        29022 188.htm


  4.   Cadiz, Stephen (2011). “Address by the Honorable Stephen Cadiz Minister of Trade and Industry of Trinidad and

        Tobago.” Third Caribbean – China Economic Cooperation Forum, September 12.


  5.   Caribbean Climate (2013). CARICOM Historic Energy Policy Seeks 47 Percent Renewable Electrical Energy.                               http://caribbeanclimateblog. com /2013/03/15/caricom-historic-energy-policy-seeks-47-renewableelectrical-energy/


  6.   Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) (2013). Annual Report 2012.



  7.   Caribbean Journal (2013). “Barbados and China Talk Renewable Energy, Trade.” April 17. http://www.caribjournal.



  8.   CARICOM Secretariat (2013). CARICOM Energy Policy.

        programme/ CARICOM_energy_policy_march_2013.pdf.


  9.   CARICOM Secretariat Press Release (2007). Statement by CARICOM Heads of Government on Poverty and the Rising

        Cost of Living in Member States. 12th Special Meeting of the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean

        Community. December 7th, Georgetown, Guyana. http://www.

        poverty_and_rising_ cost_of_living.jsp


  10.  Castaneda, Sebastian (2009). “China’s Policy Paper on Latin America and the Caribbean,”. Council on Hemispheric

         Affairs. http://www.coha. org/china%e 2%80%99s-policy-paper-on-latin-america-and-the-caribbean/


  11.   Cheru, Fantu and Cyril Obi (editors) (2010). “What International Relations/Political Economy in the Second Decade of

         the 21st Century.” in The Rise of China and India in Africa Challenges, Opportunities and Critical Interventions. London:

         Zed Books.


  12.  Conrad, Bjorn; Mercedes Fernandez, Bamshad Houshyani (2011). “Towards an Energizing Partnership - Exploring

         China’s Role as Catalyst of Renewable Energy Development in Africa." Amsterdam: Climate Focus.


  13. (2013). “Energy Ministry Hosts 41st COTED Meeting.”



  14.  Culverwell, Malaika (2012). “Natural Resource Development in The Caribbean: Extractive Industries & Regional

         Collaboration.” In Natural Resources Management in the Caribbean – An introduction to the EITI Workshop November



  15.  Daily Mail (2011). “Welcome to Baha Mar: Work Begins on $3.4bn Bahamas Resort... with a lot of help from China.”

         February 22. Work-begins-3-4bn-China-backed-Bahamas-resort-



  16.  Dannreuther, Roland (2012). “China’s Foreign Investment in Natural Resources." POLINARES Working Paper 62,

        University of Westminster.


  17.  Ellis, Evan (2011). “Chinese Engagement with Nations of the Caribbean.”

        apj-s/2011/ 2011-4/2011_4_06_ellis_s_eng.pdf.


  18.  Ellsworth, Brian (2013). “Venezuela Business Group Sees Dire Economy in 2013.” Reuters. May 23, 2013. http://www.


  19.  Feiser, Ezra (2012). “Caribbean Nations Get Caught in China-Taiwan Tug of War.” Christian Science Monitor, March 5.




  20.  -----------------(2011). Huge China Investments in Caribbean Mean Opportunities for Miami River: Why is China Spending

         Billions in the Caribbean? shipping_news/2011/04/huge-china-



  21.  Fontaine, Thomas (2013). China Invests Billions in the Caribbean While Washington Looks On. June 19. http://www.

        Thedominican. net/2013/06/china-invests-billions-in-caribbean.html.


  22.  Government of China portal ( Full Text of Wen Jiabao's remarks 'Trusted Friends Forever' at ECLAC. Uploaded

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  23.  Grenada Today (2005). “The $US 50,000 from Mainland China.” Grenada Today, January 22. http://www.belgrafix.

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  24.  Hopkins, Sam (2009). "Wind Capacity Quadruples while GDP Shrinks." Green Chip Stocks, March 19. http://www..


  25.  Hogenboom, Barbara (2009). “Latin America and the Rise of China: Possibilities and Obstacles for Development.” In

         Global Giant: Is China Changing the Rules of the Game?. Edited by Eva Paus, Penelope B. Prime and Jon Western.

          (New York: Palgrave Macmillian.), pp. 135-154


  26.  Jamaica Information Service (undated) “CARICOM Agrees to Measure to Address Rising Food Prices.” http://www.



  27.  Jenkins, Rhys, Enrique Dussel Peters and Mauricio Mesquita Moreira (2008). “The Impact of China on Latin America

         and the Caribbean.” World Development 36 (2), pp. 235-253.


  28.  Jessop, David (2012). “China’s Deepening Interest in the Caribbean.” The Gleaner, August 5. http://jamaica-gleaner.

          com/gleaner/201208 05/business/business6.html.


  29.  Meyer, Nathan (2013). “China’s Dangerous Game: Resource Investment and the Future of Africa.” http://www.                regions/africa/1307.


  30.  Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China (2008). “China's Policy Paper on Latin America and the

         Caribbean.” http:// t521025.htm.


  31.   Mohammed, Debbie A. and David Anyanwu (2011). "Increasing the Trade Related Capacity of CARICOM Firms in a                  Post-Crisis Global Economy. The Role of Standards and Regulations.” INTAL 15 (33) July-December, pp. 77-91.


  32.  Newssource (undated) “China Commits Billions to the Caribbean.”                 billions-to-caricom-states/


  33.  Painter, James (2004). "Taiwan’s Caribbean Headache," BBC News, March 30.


  34.  Perkowski, Jack (2012). “China Leads the World in Renewable Energy Investment.” Forbes, July 27. http://www.forbes.



  35.  Pridenews (2013.) Global Economic Crisis Continues to Affect OECS Countries. July 3.



  36.  Renwick, David (2013). “A Commitment to Renewable Energy.” Trinidad Express, March 12. http://www.trinidadexpress.

         com/business-magazine/A commitment_to_renewable_energy-1977 10651.html


  37.  Shaw, Timothy (2010). "China, India & South Africa: What International Relations/Political Economy in the Second

         Decade of the 21st Century." In The Rise of China and India in Africa Challenges, Opportunities and Critical

         Interventions, Fantu Cheru and Cyril Obi (editors) London: Zed Books.


  38.  Shooman, Joe (2011). “Chinese Continue to Invest in the Caribbean.” The Observer, September 4. http://www.


  39.  The Economist (2013). “Sun, Sand and Xi.” http://www. 2013/06/china-and-



  40. The Gleaner (2013). “CARICOM must fix China policy.” Editorial, Sunday, June 2.

         gleaner/20130602/cleisure/ cleisure1.html


  41.  The Heritage Foundation (2013). China Global Investment Tracker at



  42.  Trinidad Guardian (2013). "New Caricom Energy Policy Ratified." Wednesday, March 6.



  43.  Trinidad and Tobago Ministry of Finance (2013). Budget Statement 2014: “Sustaining Growth., Securing Prosperity.”

         http://www.republictt. com/1asp /2014_budget/Budget-Statement-2014.pdf.


  44.  Trinidad and Tobago Ministry of Planning and the Economy (2012). Working for Sustainable Development in Trinidad

         and Tobago at



  45.  Vines, Alex (2007). “China in Africa: A Mixed Blessing?” Current History 106 (700), pp.213-219.


  46.  World Trade Organization (2012).


  47.  Wuthnow, Joel (2008). “The Concept of Soft Power in China's Strategic Discourse.” Issues and Studies 44 (2), pp. 1-28.


  48.  Zweig, David and Bi Jianhai (2005). “China's Global Hunt for Energy.”                 david-zweig-and-bi-jianhai/chinas-global-hunt-for-energy.


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