Copyright © 2000 International Development Options
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Volume Two Winter 1999-Spring 2000 Numbers 1-2.
THEME: CARIBBEAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES: ISSUES AND OPTIONS
GLOBALIZATION, RESTRUCTURING AND GENDER IN CARIBBEAN AGRICULTURE
Laura T. Raynolds
Department of Sociology
Colorado State University
Fort Collins, CO 80523
Published Online: December 15, 2016
This article explores the ongoing transformations in Caribbean agriculture brought on by the spread of neoliberal policies and shifting patterns of global economic competition. A case study of the Dominican Republic illuminates three foci of change: (1) the political redirection of national agriculture toward new agro-export and domestic-agro-industrial markets; (2) the reorganization of production around more flexible plantation and contract models; and (3) the casualization of work through the increasing incorporation of women into rural labor forces. This analysis facilitates a consideration of the extent to which the forms and bases of competition in agriculture are changing and the implications of these changes for location-specific comparative advantage in the Caribbean. The article concludes by recognizing some important openings for Caribbean regional initiatives, nation states, and popular movements to challenge agricultural price competition based on the undervaluation of local populations and environmental resources by deepening consumer and producer links in a manner suggested by the growing "Fair Trade" movement.