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                                                                            Copyright © 2004 International Development Options

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Volume Three                                                                    Winter 2003-Spring 2004                                                         Numbers 3-4.

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  THE TRIBAL STRAIGHTJACKET: PRE-MODERN CHALLENGES TO TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY

  DEVELOPMENT AND REFORM IN THE MENA REGION

 

  Leanne Piggott

  Discipline of Government

  and International Relations

  University of Sydney

  NSW 2006, Australia

  Published online: February 10, 2017

  ABSTRACT

 

Why are economic and political reforms proving so elusive in the Arab MENA countries? Recent international and regional reports have focused primarily on deficits in political freedoms, human rights and knowledge development in the region.  This article argues that traditional tribal loyalties have been greatly underestimated as a socio-cultural impediment to economic, political, and institutional reforms.  It examines the ways in which tribalism in MENA countries influences governmental and private behavior, undermining the rule of law and obstructing the implementation of structural reforms that are essential for these countries’ economic and human development.

 

 

IDO        ISSN: 1093-8281                 Copyright © 2017 International Development Options

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