GLOBAL

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

                                                                            Copyright © 2009 International Development Options

                                                                                               All Rights Reserved

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Volume Five                                                                   Winter 2008-Spring 2009                                                              Numbers 3-4.

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     THEME: GLOBAL LABOR MIGRATION AND EMERGING TRENDS IN DEVELOPMENT FINANCING:

     AN ASSESSMENT OF THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPCT OF MIGRANT (WORKER) REMITTANCES

     IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

       THE DEVELOPMENT ROLE OF REMITTANCES IN THE URBANIZATION PROCESS IN SOUTHERN

     AFRICA

 

       Bruce Frayne

      Coordinator, Program in Urban Food Security

      University of Cape Town

      South Africa

      and Research Associate, Southern African Research Center

      Queen’s University, Canada

      Email: bruce.frayne@uct.ac.za

 

      Wade Pendleton

      Honorary Research Associate

      Anthropology Department

      University of Cape Town,

      South Africa

      Email: wpendlet@mweb.co.za

 

      Published Online: March 15, 2017

 

 

      ABSTRACT

 

Internal and cross-border migration is increasing in Southern Africa, accompanied by sustained urbanization within a generalized context of limited economic growth. Yet despite high rates of unemployment, rural-urban and cross-border migration persists, as does urbanization. To better understand the dynamics between migration, urbanization and poverty, and to quantify the role of remittances in household economies, the Southern African Migration Project (SAMP) undertook the Migration and Poverty Survey of 9032 households and about 50,000 individuals in seven countries (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zimbabwe). The dataset is nationally representative including rural and urban households and both internal and cross-border migrants. The findings demonstrate that remittances (formal and informal) are found to be central to the ability of geographically stretched households to continue to survive the economic hardship associated with urban growth in the major cities of Southern Africa; they also demonstrate the vital role of remittances in poverty alleviation for rural households. In relation to household poverty, it is significant that remittances are used primarily for food as a basic need and not for income-generating investments. This study therefore contributes to the debate regarding the economic role of domestic and cross-border remittances for poor households in the urbanization process in Southern Africa.

 

 

IDO        ISSN: 1093-8281                 Copyright © 2017 International Development Options

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