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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

                                                                            Copyright © 2006 International Development Options

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Volume Four                                                                   Winter 2005-Spring 2006                                                           Numbers 1-2.

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   SUB SAHARAN AFRICA AND THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS: ISSUES, PERSPECTIVES,

  TENSIONS AND CONTRADICTIONS

 

   Quassy Adjapawn                                    Jonathan Makuwira

   School of Professional                             Indigenous Learning,

   Development and Leadership                Spirituality and Research Center

   University of New England                      Central Queensland University

   Armidale NSW 2351, Australia                 Rockhampton QLD 4702, Australia

 

   Published online: February 10, 2017                                                                 

 

 

   ABSTRACT

 

Despite the numerous development initiatives by multilateral and bilateral development agencies, Sub-Saharan Africa is home to the world’s poorest people and to many of the least developed countries. Development theorists have utilized various theoretical perspectives to understand and explain the complex nature of the region’s underdevelopment. To date, optimism has faded into pessimism as many of the social indicators for Sub-Saharan Africa continue to decline, raising more questions than answers regarding such a disparity.  This article critically examines the reasons why Sub-Saharan Africa’s development continues to lag behind. Employing “Alternative Development”, “Alternatives to Development”, and Post-Development” theories we explain why the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) alone are no panacea to poverty alleviation but rather a blueprint. We contend that Sub-Saharan Africa’s problems transcend the simplistic development views of western epistemology. Rather, they reflect the tension that exists between externally driven and/or imposed development agendas and the indigenous ways of social development. In addition, Sub-Saharan Africa’s development challenges are structurally induced. As such, achieving the MDGs will require a multifarious approach to addressing poverty.

 

 

 

 

 

 

IDO        ISSN: 1093-8281                 Copyright © 2017 International Development Options

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