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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

                                                                            Copyright © 1998 International Development Options

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Volume One                                                                   Winter 1997-Spring 1998                                                               Numbers 1-2.

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    GENDER, MORTALITY, AIDS AND DEVELOP­MENT: A COMPARISON BETWEEN THE COMMONWEALTH

    CARIBBEAN AND OTHER REGIONS

 

    Caroline Allen

    University of Warwick

    Coventry, England CV4 7AL

    Published online: December 15, 2016

 

    ABSTRACT

 

This article highlights certain alarming fea­tures of mortality patterns in the Commonwealth Caribbean and explores their implica­tions for development in the region.  It is shown that mortality from certain diseases such as diabe­tes, hypertension, cervical cancer, and the prevalence of AIDS are significantly higher than would be expected, according to the epidemiologi­cal transition model which links health patterns to "develop­ment".  Furthermore, women are at higher risk than men from these chronic, non-communi­cable diseases, and the proportion of females among the total of people with AIDS is rising.  This suggests that the models of development adopted in the region may be encouraging "unhealthy lifestyles" in areas such as nutrition, exercise, and sexual behavior.  High death rates among productive and reproductive age groups and high costs of care for people with chronic diseases suggest that health promotion, designed to encourage healthy lifestyles, is essential to public policy in countries struggling to face the developmen­tal challeng­es of the 21st century.  Health promotion policies need to address the links between health and the type of developmental model being adopted.  The promotion of healthy lifestyles and opportunities for women to achieve an adequate and well-balanced diet, take regular exercise, and achieve equitable sexual relationships needs to be built into the idea of "sustainable development". 

 

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