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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

                                                                            Copyright © 2002 International Development Options

                                                                                               All Rights Reserved

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Volume Two                                                                    Winter 2000-Spring 2001                                                               Numbers 3-4.

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      UEMOA and ECOWAS: CONFLICT OR COOPERATION IN THE ERA OF THE “NEW REGIONALISM

 

       Sekou Camara and John F. Clark

      Department of International Relations

      Florida International University

      University Park, Miami, Florida 33199

      Published Online February 15, 2017

 

       ABSTRACT

 

Even as national economies have become more deeply integrated on a global scale in the last two decades, regional integration has experienced a renewed vigor since the late 1980s.  While regional trade preferences and global economic liberalization may ultimately conflict, greater regional integration for developing countries should improve their bargaining power and prospects for development in the medium term.  For the West African region, one important question is whether the “Francophone” regionalism of the Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest-Africaine (UEMOA) states is compatible with the broader regionalism represented by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), particularly in the context of the “new regionalism.”  This article begins by arguing that UEMOA has not been an impediment to regional integration in the past, contrary to the views of some observers. The leaders of the UEMOA states have recognized that ECOWAS embodies the region’s long-term prospect for full integration.  It is further argued that some of UEMOA’s achievements provide the depth of integration that ECOWAS has lacked, and that UEMOA can contribute to a broader regional integration.  Moreover, as France and the French franc are gradually integrated more deeply into Europe, UEMOA’s unhealthy dependence on France will weaken.  This, in turn, will facilitate further integration in West Africa.

      

 

IDO        ISSN: 1093-8281                 Copyright © 2017 International Development Options

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