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       Patsy Lewis

       Sir Arthur Lewis Institute for Social and Economic Studies

       The University of the West Indies

       Kingston Jamaica

       Published Online: March 15, 2017



   1.   Arthur, Owen and Consortium (2010). "Revised Individual Country Analytical Reports for Phase 2 of Cisp/csme/result 
 Consultancy to Support the Full Integration of Belize and the OECS in CARICOM".


   2.   Bank of Jamaica (2010). The Balance of Payments Remittance Update June 2010, External Sector Statistics Unit;

         Economic Information and Publications Department; Research and Economic Programming Division. Kingston, Jamaica.

         Accessed at uploads/pdf/rem_updates/rem_updates _June 2010.pdf.


   3.   Belle, George V., Marsha Drakes, Ronnie R. F. Yearwood (2003). "Shifting the Rubicon: New Governance and the

         CARICOM Single Market and Economy." Barbados. Working Paper.


   4.   Bernal, Richard (2006). "Nano-Firms, Regional Integration and International Competitiveness: The Experience and

         Dilemma of the CSME." In Denis Benn and Kenneth Hall (editors) Production Integration in CARICOM: From Theory to

        Action. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers, pp. 90-115.


   5.   Brewster, Havelock R., Thomas Dolan, Taimoon Stewart (2002). "Implementation of the Caribbean Single Market and

         Economy." Caribbean Group for Cooperation in Economic Development, Caribbean Country Management Unit Latin

         America and the Caribbean Region, The World Bank.


   6.   Brewster, Havelock (2001). "New Vistas for the Caribbean Community." In Kenneth O. Hall (editor) The Caribbean

          Community: Beyond Survival. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers.


   7.   Caribbean Development Bank (2010). CDB Annual Report 2009, "Part I: The Caribbean Economies in 2009." March



   8.    -------------------- (2009). CDB Annual Report 2008.


    9.   CARICOM Secretariat (2009). Report on the Appraisal of the State of Implementation of the CARICOM Single Market

         Arrangements Mandated by the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community (Draft).


  10.   ------------------------- (2005). Regional Integration: Carrying the Process Forward" Report of the Expert Group of Heads of

         Government on the Establishment of a CARICOM Commission or other Executive Mechanism, Automatic Resource

         Transfers and the Assembly of Caribbean Community Parliamentarians’. Kingston, Jamaica.


  11.    --------------------------(2003). "The Rose Hall Declaration on “Regional Governance and Integrated Development.”

         Adopted on the Occasion of the Thirtieth Anniversary of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) at the Twenty-Fourth

         Meeting of the Conference of Heads of Government of CARICOM’, Montego Bay, Jamaica, July 2-5, 2003. http://www..


  12.   ECLAC (2010). Statistical Yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean. Statistics and Economic Projections Division.



  13.   ------------(2009). Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2008 2009: Policies for Creating Jobs. http://


  14.    -------------(2009). Caribbean Development Report II.


  15.    -------------(2005). Effects and Implications of the Common Market and Single Economy on the Member States of the

         Organization of the Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and the Utilization of Chapter 7 of the Treaty of Chaguaramas,

         Commissioned by the OECS Secretariat, through the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

         States. Paper No. OECS AUT/05/41/08.


  16.   Girvan, Norman (2008). "ALBA, PetroCaribe and CARICOM: Issues in a New Dynamic." http://www.normangirvan.



  17.   Government of Trinidad and Tobago, ‘Strengthening Efficiency, Addressing the Challenges. Vision 2020 Budget

          Statement.  Budget Statement 2012.pdf.


  18.   Gleaner (2010). ‘” Poverty Crisis in Jamaica”’ PM Tells Parliament’s Tuesday’s Sitting." Thursday, October 14. http:// 



  19.   Hall, Kenneth and Myrtle Chuck-A-Sang (2007). The Caribbean Integration Process: A People Centered Approach.

          Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers.


  20.   IMF (2010). World Economic and Financial Surveys Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere Heating up in

          the South Cooler in the North. Washington. wreo1010.pdf.


  21.    -------- (2009). World Economic and Financial Surveys Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere Stronger

          Fundamentals Pay Off. eng/wreo0509.pdf.


  22.   Kairi Consultants (2007). Living Conditions in Antigua and Barbuda: Poverty in a Services Economy in Transition,

           Volume 1 Main Report. Prepared by Kairi Consultants Ltd in Association with the National Assessment Team of

           Antigua and Barbuda. Submitted to the Caribbean Development Bank (


  23.   Lewis, Patsy (2005). "The Agony of the Fifteen: The Crisis of Implementation." Social and Economic Studies 54,



  24.   ----------------- (2003). "Political Union: The Road Not Traveled by the West Indian Commission." Global Development

          Studies 3 (1-2) Winter 2002-Spring 2003, pp. 1-24.


  25.   ----------------- (2003). "Is the Goal of Regional Integration Still Relevant among Small States: The Case of the OECS and

          ICARICOM." in Cynthia Barrow-Giles and Don Marshall (editors) Living at the Borderlines: Issues in Caribbean

         Sovereignty and Development. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers.


  26.   ----------------- (2003). Surviving Small Size: Regional Integration in Caribbean Ministates. Barbados, Jamaica, and

          Trinidad and Tobago: University of the West Indies Press.


  27.   Meeks, Brian (2007). Envisioning Caribbean Futures: Jamaican Perspectives. Barbados, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago:

          University of the West Indies Press:


  28.   Rolle, Hermisha (2010). "CSME Implementation Affected by the Global Financial Crisis, Barbados PM Says." Dominica

          News Online. Dominicanewsonoline.webarchive, March 15, 2010.


  29.   Tewarie, Bhoendradatt and David Rampersad (2003). "Options and Strategies for CARICOM in the Area of

           Governance for Caribbean Regional Integration." Trinidad: University of the West Indies Working Paper.


  30.   The West Indian Commission (1992). Time for Action. Barbados.


  31.    Weiss, Tony (2004). "(Re-) Making the Case for Land Reform in Jamaica." Social and Economic Studies 53 (1), pp. 35-


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