top of page


       Daouda Cissé

       Center for Chinese Studies

       Stellenbosch University

       South Africa

       Published online: February 10, 2017



    1.    Ahmad, M. (2007). Nokia CEO Expects Doubling Mobile Devices Volume in Middle East and Africa, September 6.

 php?id=12828&t=1&c=34&cg=4 &mset. Retrieved on November 15, 2011.


   2.    Alden, C. and Davies, M. (2006). Chinese Multinational Corporations in Africa. Africa Institute of South Africa, Issue 3-4,



   3.    Asiedu, E. and Gyimah-Brempong, K. (2008). "The Effect of the Liberalization of Investment Policies on Employment

          and Investment of Multinational Corporations in Africa." African Development Review 20 (1), pp.49-66.


   4.    Bao, C. (2010). Huawei Technologies, October 14, 2010. Retrieved on November 10, 2011 from http://


   5.     __________ (2010). ZTE in Africa, October 14, 2010. Retrieved on November 10, 2011 from http://


   6.    Barnard, H. (2010). “Overcoming the Liability of Foreignness without Strong Firms’ Capabilities: The Value of Market-

          based Resources.” Journal of International Management 16 (2), pp. 165-176.


   7.    BBC News (2011). Africa’s Mobile Phone Industry ‘Booming.’ BBC News, November 9, 2011.


   8.    BDA Research Report (2005). Huawei and ZTE: Going Forth, Can They Conquer? BDA Research Report, March 2005.


   9.    Beebe, A., C. Hew, Y.Q. Feng and D.L. Shi (2006). Going Global: Prospects and Challenges for Chinese Companies on

          the World Stage, IBM Business Consulting Services.


  10.    Berg, S.V. and J. Hamilton (2001). Institutions and Telecommunications Performance in Africa: Stability, Governance

          and Incentives in Private Initiatives in Infrastructure: Priorities, Incentives and Performance. E. Elgar Publishing.


  11.    Bonaglia, F., A. Goldstein and J. Mathews (2007). Accelerated Internationalization by Emerging Multinationals: The

         Case of White Goods Sector. Munich Personal RePEc Archive Paper 1485, November 7, 2007.


  12.   Buckley, P.J, L.J. Clegg, A.R. Cross, X. Liu, H. Voss, and P. Zheng (2007). "The Determinants of Chinese Outward

          Foreign Direct Investment." Journal of Business Studies 38, pp. 499-518.


  13.   Chanakira, M. (2010). The Development of a Framework to Analyze Internationalization in the Mobile

         Telecommunication Industry in Africa. Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa.


  14.   ____________ (2010). "The Impact of Chinese Investment in Telecommunications Industry in Africa." JM International

         Journal of Service Marketing, December 2010.


  15.   Chang, C., A. Cheng, S. Kim, J. Kunh-Osius, J. Reyes and D. and Turgel (2009). "Huawei Technologies: A Chinese Trail

          Blazer in Africa." Knowledge@Wharton Strategic Management Article, Wharton University.


  16.   Chen, J. (2004). China Hopes to Further Expand Telecom Cooperation with African Nations, FOCAC, December 13,

         2004. Retrieved on November 10, 2011 from yhjl/t174600.htm.


  17.   Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation (2010). China-Africa Trade and Economic

         Relationship Annual Report.


  18.   Cooke, F.L (2011). "The Globalization of Chinese Telecom Corporations: Strategy, Challenges and Human Resources

          Implications for the MNCs and Host Countries." The International Journal of Human Resource Management, pp.1-21.


  19.   Diaconu, L. (2008). "The Multinational Companies and the Emerging Markets." International Business and European

         Integration 1, pp.97-101.


  20.  Dumbaugh, K. (2008). China’s Foreign Policy: What Does it Mean for U.S. Global Interests? Congressional Research

          Service Report for the United States Congress, July 18, 2008.


  21.   Ellis, P. (2000). "Social Ties and Foreign Market Entry." Journal of International Business Studies 31 (3), pp. 443-46


  22.  Executive Research Associates (2009). China in Africa: A Strategic Overview, China’s Telecommunication Footprint in

         Africa-ERA October 2009, pp.50-67.


  23.  Gosh, P. (2011). "The Spectacular Mobile Phone Revolution in Africa." International Business Times, November 17, 2011.


  24.  Grimm, S. (2011). Transparency of Chinese Aid–The Published Information on Chinese External Financial Flows, CCS

          Policy Briefing, November 2011.


  25.  Gu, J. (2009). China’s Private Enterprises in Africa and the Implications for African Development." European Journal of

         Development Research 21 (4), pp. 570-587, September 2009.


  26.  GSMA (2009). Mobile Money for the Unbanked-Annual Report.


  27.   He, H. (2011). What Chinese SOEs Can Do to Build World Class Brands. Burson Marsteller, Beijing.


  28.   Huawei South Africa Press Office (2011). Huawei Announces Strategy for Africa Known as ‘Glocalization’. Huawei

          Technologies South Africa.


  29.    ------------------------------------------ (2009). Huawei Establishes South Africa’s First Telecoms R&D Facility. Huawei

          Technologies South Africa.


  30.   Huawei Technologies Company (2010). Annual Report.


  31.    International Telecommunication Union (2011). ICT Indicators 2011, Geneva, Switzerland.


  32.   -----------------------------(2010). ICT Indicators 2010, Geneva, Switzerland.


  33.   IT News Africa (2009). Africa’s Telecom Industry is Fastest Growing, IT News Africa February 6,2009. Retrieved on

          November 10, 2011 from


  34.   Jerome, A. (2008). Private Sector Participation in Infrastructure in Africa. AFDB-AEC, September 2008.


  35.   Kria-Chaker, S. (2002). "Towards a New Information and Communication Technologies Strategy for African Least

          Developed Countries." Paper prepared for the World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) held in two phases in 2003

          in Geneva and 2005 in Tunis.


  36.   Li, Cheng (2006). China’s Telecom Industry on the Move: Domestic Competition, Global Ambition and Leadership

          Transition. China Leadership Monitor (19), October 24, 2006.


  37.   Liu, H. (2011). Ericsson vs Huawei. Retrieved on November 12, 2011 from



  38.   Luo, Y. and R. Tung (2007). "International Expansion of Emerging Market Enterprises: A Springboard Perspective."

          Journal of International Business Studies 38 (4), pp. 481-498.


  39.   Luo, Y., Q. Xue and B. Han (2010). "How Emerging Market Governments Promote Outward FDI: Experience from

          China." Journal of World Business 5 (1,) pp. 68-79.


  40.   Lv, X. (2011). "Cell C Striving Towards Leadership." ZTE Technologies, 13 (136), October 2011.


  41.   Malakata, M. (2011). Despite Criticism, China Pumps Money into African Telecoms, CFO World August 30.  Retrieved on

         November 15, 2011 from /despite-criticism-china-pumps-money-



  42.  Marshall, A. (2011). China’s Mighty Telecom Footprint in Africa, e-Learning Africa, February 21.  Retrieved  on November

         15, 2011 from http://www/ %80%99s-mighty-telecomfootprint-in-africa.


  43.  McCarthy, Y., P. Leishman, N. Davidson, C. Penicaud, S. Desai and C. Tellez (2011). Mobile Money for the Unbanked,

         Team/GSMA Annual Report 2011.


  44.  Ming, S. and C. Ouyang (2007). "Wiring China for the Next Telecom Era." Caijing December 2007. Retrieved  on

         November 12, 2011 from html. 


  45.  Minges, M. (1998). African Telecoms: Private Sector to the Rescue? Telecommunication Development Bureau,

          International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on November 12, 2011 from, papers/



  46.  New Zealand Trade and Enterprise (2011). Report on the 12th Five-year Plan, An In-depth Overview and Analysis of

         China’s Policy Blueprint for Years.


  47.  Nikkei Global Management Forum (2011). Partnerships in Corporate Strategy–A Vital Power for Revival, October 24-25,



  48.  Peng, M.W. (2011). "The Global Strategy of Emerging Multinationals from China." February 2011- Paper prepared for

         2012 issue of Global Strategy Journal.


  49.  Rao, M. (2011). Regional Hubs of Excellence and Innovation. Mobile Monday, March 2011.


  50.  Rasheed, H. S. (2005). “Foreign Market Entry Mode and Performance: The Moderating Effects of the Environment.”

         Journal of Small Business Management 43 (1), pp. 41-54.


  51.   Sagalbayeva, R. (2011). Are Chinese Vendors Entrenching Themselves in Africa? Analysis Mason, October 24.

          Retrieved on November 12, 2011.


  52.   Salidjanova, N. (2011). Going Out: An Overview of China’s Outward Foreign Direct Investment, U.S.-China Economic 

          and Security Review Commission Research Report, March 30, 2011.


  53.   Scott, N., S. Batchelor, J. Ridley and B. Jorgensen (2004). "The Impact of Mobile Phones in Africa." Paper prepared for

           the Commission for Africa, November 19, 2004.


  54.   Shenkar, O. and Y. Luo (2004). International Business. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


  55.   Sun, Q. and P. M. Thiam (2011).  "The Competitiveness of Chinese Companies in the Global Market." Paper prepared

           for the International Conference on Information Science and Engineering (ICISE) Second International Conference,



  56.   Taylor, I. (2006). Unpacking China’s Resource Diplomacy in Africa. Center on China’s Transnational Relations. Working

           Paper Number 19.


  57.   The African Economic Outlook (2010). Governance and Political Issues (


  58.   The Globe and Mail (2011). Huawei: will China conquer the world? November 24. Accessed on December 5, 2011 from




  59.   Wattanasupachoke, T. (2002). "Internationalization: Motives and Consequences." ABAC Journal 22 (3) September-

           December 2002, pp.16-30.


  60.   Woo, W.T. (2004). "The Economic Impact of China’s Emergence as a Major Trading Nation." Paper presented at 2004

           Forum on WTO, China and Asian Economies joint org. Research Center for International Economics, University of

           Washington and Renmin University, Beijing; in Beijing June 18-20. 


  61.    Wu, F. (2005). "The Globalization of Corporate China." The National Bureau of Asian Research 16 (3),

           December 2005.


  62.   Xinhua China Economic Information (2006). Chinese Companies Backed to go Global, March 5, 2006.


  63.   Yan, H. (2011). "A Comparison Study of the Chinese Telecom Industry: The Emerging and the Declining Ones; from

          Aspiration Level, Business Development, Learning and Managing Perspectives." Paper presented at the DIME-DRUID

          Academy Winter Conference-January 20-22, 2011.


  64.   Yan, W. (2011). "Huawei Repays its African Community." China Today 60 (10), October, pp.26-28.


  65.   Zhang, Y.Y. and C. Albrecht (2010). "The Role of Cultural Values on a Firm’s Strategic Human Resource Management

           Development: A Comparative Case Study of Spanish Firms in China." International Journal of Human Resource

          Management 21, pp.1911-1930.


  66.   Zhang, Z. (2011). "Developing a Mindset of Corporate Consciousness." China Report 3, January 2011.


  67.   ZTE Corporation (2011). ZTE Service Capability White Paper.


  68.   ZTE Corporation (2010). Annual Report


  69.   ZTE Press Center-


  70.   ZTE Technologies (2009). "Moving Ahead Bravely for a Win in Africa." 11 (12,) Issue 119, December 2009.


  71.    ZTE Technologies (2008). New Concept of ICT Management 10 (12), Issue 107, December 2008.

bottom of page