top of page




       Diedron Lewis*, Samantha C. Joseph**, Khellon Q. Roach***

      University of the West Indies, St. Augustine

      Trinidad and Tobago

      Published Online: March 15, 2017


    1.   Andersen, T.B., S. Jones, and F. Tarp (2008). “The Current Financial Crisis: Implications and Issues for Less Developed

         Countries.” Briefing Paper, Department of Economics, University of Copenhagen.

   2.   Benn, D (2009). “The Global Financial and Economic Crisis, Elements of a Strategic Response by the Caribbean."

         March 30, 2009. 09/

         Benn-GF C.pdf (Accessed on February 2010).


   3.   Bilal, S. (2009). “EPAs: To Be or Not to Be?” Paper presented at the Seminar on the “Future of Caribbean-European

         Union Relations: Defining a research agenda”. Thursday 8th & Friday 9th October.


   4.   Bourne, C. (2009). “Plenary Speech, The Caribbean and the Global Crisis.” Conference of Montreal Hilton Montreal

         Bonaventure Hotel Canada.

   5.   Braveboy-Wagner, J. (2005). “The Caribbean’s Wider World: Re-thinking Global South Institutionalism.” Journal of

         Caribbean International Relations. Caribbean at 30: The CSME and Beyond, April, Issue 1.


   6.   Caribbean Development Bank (2008). Report of the Seminar on Global Financial Crisis and the Caribbean: Impact and

         Response, Economics Department.


   7.   Caribbean Tourism Organization (CT on December 2009).


   8.   CARICOM Secretariat (2009). Statement by Heads of Government on the Global Economic and Financial crisis and the

          impact on, and Policy implications for the Caribbean Region, Belize City, Belize.


   9.   CARICOM Secretariat: A Brief History of CARICOM. Signing of the Treaty of Chaguaramas.

         community/caricom_history.jsp?menus=community. Accessed on February 2010.


  10.   CARICOM Secretariat. CARICOM Single Market and Economy. Available at http://www. single_market

         /single_market_index.jsp?menu=csme (Accessed on November 2009).

   11.   Clegg, P (2009). “The Caribbean and the Global Financial Crisis: Implications for Domestic Politics and Foreign Policy.”

          May 1, 2009. http:// www.docstoc. com/docs/ 2588 5936/ The-Caribbean-and-the-Global-Financial-Crisis-Time-for-

          Action (Accessed on February 2010).


   12.  Codrington, H. (2008). “Macroeconomic Convergence in CARICOM” Conference on Small Open Economies in a

         Globalizing World.”  Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.


   13.   Davis, C. (2009). “The Global Economic and Financial Crisis and the Jamaican Bauxite and Alumina Industry” ILO

          Tripartite Caribbean Conference on the Theme: Promoting Human Prosperity beyond the Global Financial Crisis

          Seeking Sustainable Solutions Through Social Dialogue Kingston, Jamaica, April 1 – 2.

   14.   Douglas, D. (2009). “Global financial climate dictates a rapid move to Economic Union.” Office of the Prime Minister of

          St. Kitts. number=1002&post200803=true#. Accessed in January



   15.   Downes, S. A. (2009). “The Global Economic Crisis and Caribbean States: Impact and Response.” Commonwealth

          Secretariat Conference the Global Economic Crisis and Small States, London July 6-7.


   16.   Estrada, A. R. M. (2009). “Regional Cooperative Scheme Theoretical Framework (RC-Scheme), University of Malaysia.


   17.   Girvan, N. (2009). “ALBA, Petrocaribe and CARICOM. Issues in a New Dynamic.”

   18.   Global Economic Prospects (2009). “Commodities at the Crossroads.” The World Bank, Washington, DC.


   19.   Henry, L. (2004). “Monetary Integration in Beautiful Places: Prospects for the Caribbean.” In Michelis and Lovewell

          eds., Exchange Rates, Economic Integration, and the International Economy. Toronto: APF Press.


  20.   IMF – Press Release No. 10/24 February 4, 2010 - IMF Executive Board Approves US$1.27 Billion Stand-By

          Arrangement with Jamaica. pr1024.htm. (Accessed on 08/02/2010).


  21.    International Labor Organization “The Economic and Labor Market Situation in the Context of the Global Crisis”

          Excerpt from: ILO, Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean. 2008 Labor Overview, Latin America and the

          Caribbean, pp. 42-46. Please see webpage:


  22.   James, B. (2009). “The Great Depression was a Long, Long, Long Time Ago.” The Huffington Post. http://www.

  ssion-was_b_157 032. html. Accessed in December 2009.

  23.   Kendall, P. (2000). Exchange Rate Convergence in CARICOM Country Economist, Economics and Programming

          Department. cms.nsf/AllDoc/AF6E7E4EDA935DAE042 5741 E005 29D

          DC/$File/ EXCHANGE. Accessed in February 2010.


  24.   King, S. (2009). “Building Resilience, Stability and Good Governance: Amidst the Financial Crisis.” National Review.


  25.   Lewis, V. (2008). "The Federation of the West Indies: Its life and end –A Comment." Paper prepared for a panel

          discussion sponsored by the Barbados Historical and Archaeological Society at the Errol Barrow Center, University of

          the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados, November 25th


  26.   Lim, H. (2009). Expectation for East Asia Economic Integration. Singapore Institute of International Affairs.


  27.   Lin, J. (2008). “The Impact of the Financial Crisis on Developing Countries.” The World Bank, Washington, DC.


  28.   Manning, P. (2008). Address to the Nation dated 25th November 2008. http:// 0F5F9B.

          pdf. Accessed on February 2010.


  29.   Ministry of Labor and Immigration (2009). Decent Work Response to the Global Financial and Economic Crisis-

          Country Fact Sheet: Barbados.


  30.   Odle, M. (2009). From Subprime to Sublime Disaster; Implication for the Caribbean Region of the Current Financial

          Crisis in the USA. Caribbean Community Secretariat.


  31.   Ong, B. (2009). “Banking on East Asian Integration? Implications of Global Financial Crisis on Regionalism.” Summer

          Institute on Asian Regional Integration, Global Institute for Asian Regional Integration August 3rd – 8th 


  32.   Orane, D. (2009). Address by Douglas Orane Chairman and CEO of GraceKennedy Limited at the Fourth Annual

           Private Sector Meeting/Dinner with CARICOM Ministers of Trade and Finance. Jamaica, Pegasus Hotel June 13.

           http://www. CAIC_4th_Annual_Private_Sector_Dinner.pdf.

           Accessed on February 2010.


  33.   Maurice, Odle (2009). From Subprime to Sublime Disaster; Implication for the Caribbean Region of the Current

          Financial Crisis in the USA. Caribbean Community Secretariat.


  34.   Development Institute (2008). “The Global Financial Crisis and Developing Countries.” Background Notes.’’


  35.   Ramseran, R. & Hosein, R. (2005). Growth, Employment and the Construction Industry in Trinidad and Tobago.

          Department of Economics, The University of the West Indies. Routledge Publishers.


  36.   Ratha, Mohapotra and Silwal (2009). World Bank Migration Brief 9. Migration and Development Team, Development

          Group Prospect. World Bank, Washington, D.C.


  37.   Ratha, Mohapatra and Xu1 (2008). “Outlook for Remittance Flows 2008 - 2010: Growth expected to moderate

          significantly, but flows to remain resilient.” Migration and Development Brief 8, November 11, 2008. http://www.

          siteresources. World bank. org/INTPROSPECTS/Resources/334934-1110315015165/MD_Brief8.pdf. Accessed on

          December 2009. 


  38.   Read, R. (2004). The Implications of Increasing Globalization and Regionalism for the Economic Growth of Small Island

          States. Elsevier Ltd. University of Lancaster.


  39.   Sanders, R. (2009). Migration: A dirty word or a global opportunity?

          6--.html. Accessed on January 2010..


  40.   The Economist (2009). “The World in 2009.” 23rd edition.


   41.   The Private Sector Organization of Jamaica (PSO) (2009). Government Stimulus Package in response to Global

           Financial Crisis.


  42.   Thompson, D. (2008). “Remarks at the Opening of the Special National Consultation on the Cost of Living.”

           Sherbourne Conference Center, June 17, 2008.


  43.   United States Department of Commerce (2009). Accessed on December 2009.


  44.   Valere, M. (2009). “Statement at the United Nations Conference on the World Financial and Economic Crisis and its

           Impact on Development.” New York, June 29.


  45.   Williams, E. (2009). “The International Financial Crisis: Impact on the Region and Trinidad and Tobago.” Central Bank

           of Trinidad and Tobago.


  46.   Williams, E. (2009). “The Global Financial Crisis – Institutional Management and Regional Opportunities.” Remarks at

           the Caribbean Law Institute Inaugural Symposium on Current Developments in Caribbean Community Law, Port-of-



  47.   World Bank (2009). “Swimming against the Tide: How Developing Countries are Coping with the Global Crisis." Paper

          prepared for G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting, Horsham, United Kingdom.

bottom of page