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       Jay R. Mandle

       W. Bradford Wiley Professor of Economics

       Colgate University

       Published Online: March 15, 2017



   1.   Ahmed, Belal (2001). “The Impact of Globalization on the Caribbean Sugar and Banana Industries.” The Society for

        Caribbean Studies Annual Conference Papers, Volume 2 (2001). http://www. scsonline,


   2.   Boswell, Thomas D. and Terry-Ann Jones (2006). “The Distribution and Socioeconomic Status of West Indians Living

         in the United States.” In John W. Frazier and Eugene L. Tetty-Fio (eds.). Race, Ethnicity and Place in a Changing

         America. Binghamton, New York: Global Academic Publishing, 2006.


   3.   Brewster, Havelock and Clive Y. Thomas (1967). The Dynamics of West Indian Economic Integration. Institute of Social

         and Economic Research, University of the West Indies, Jamaica.


   4.   Cervantes, Mario and Dominique Guellec (2002). “The Brain Drain: Old Myths, New Realities.” OECD Observer 230.


   5.   Docquier, Frédéric and Abdeslam Marfouk (2005). International Migration by Education Attainment (1990-2000)

         Release 1.1 Update of Release 1.0 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper n. 3382


   6.   ECLAC (2010). Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean, 2009-10. New York: United Nations, 2010.


   7.   Girvan, Norman (2007). “Towards a Single Development Vision and the Role of the Single Economy.” In Collaboration

         with the CARICOM Secretariat and the Special Task Force on the Single Economy, as Approved by the Twenty-eighth

         Meeting of the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community, Needham’s Point, Barbados.


   8.   Greenfeld, Liah (2001). The Spirit of Capitalism: Nationalism and Economic Growth. Cambridge MA and London England.


   9.    Inter-American Development Bank (2005). CARICOM Report. Buenos Aires: Institute for the Integration of Latin

          America and the Caribbean, CARICOM Report 2.


  10.   Laurie, Peter (2009). “On the Other Hand – Bye, Caricom & WI Cricket.” The Nation, October 25, 2009. http://www.        


  11.    Lewis, Gordon K. (1968). The Growth of the Modern West Indies. New York and London: Monthly Review Press, 1968.


  12.   Lewis, Vaughn (2008). “What Purposes for CARICOM Integration Today?” Paper Read as the Third Sir Arthur Lewis

          Lecture in the University of the West Indies, St. Augustine’s 2008 Nobel Laureate Celebration, April 15, 2008.


  13.   Mandle, Jay R. (2000). “Windward Islands Bananas in the Global Economy.” Journal of Eastern Caribbean Studies 25

         (4), pp. 1-26, December 2000.


  14.   Mishra, Prachi (2006). Emigration and Brain Drain: Evidence from the Caribbean.  IMF Working Paper (WP/06/25).


  15.   Moreira, Mauricio Mesquita and Eduardo Mendoza (2007). “Regional Integration. What is in it for CARICOM?” Inter-

          American Development Bank, INTAL–ITD Working Paper 29.


  16.   Ramphal, Sir Shridath (2008). “Rough Handling Federation.” The Errol Barrow Center for Creative Imagination: UWI –

         Cave Hill Campus.


  17.   Saxenian, Anna Lee (2006). The New Argonauts: Regional Advantage in a Global Economy. Cambridge: Harvard

          University Press.


  18.   Tesfaye, Fikremariam (2008). “Africa: Countries to Promote Return Migration to Curb Brain Drain – IOM.” December 16,



  19.   Thomas, Clive (2008). “The Urgency of Function Cooperation: Priority Interventions in Selected Areas: Disaster

          Preparedness, Health, Education and Security.” In Kenneth Hall & Myrtle Chuck-A-Sang (editors.) The Caribbean

         Community in Transition: Functional Cooperation as a Catalyst for Change. Kingston and Miami: Ian Randle Publishers.


  20.   Thomas-Hope, Elizabeth (2002). “Skilled Labor Migration from Developing Countries: Study on the Caribbean Region.”

         International Migration Papers 50. Geneva: International Labor Office.


  21.   Wiltshire, Rosina (1992). “Implications of Transnational Migration for Nationalism: The Caribbean Experience.”

         Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 645 (1). Published Online December 17, 2006.


  22.  World Bank, WDI Online,


  23.   World Bank (2009). World Development Indicators 2009. Washington DC: The World Bank.


  24.   -----------------(2009). Caribbean: Accelerating Trade Integration: Policy Options for Sustained Growth, Job Creation and

          Poverty Reduction. Washington DC: The World Bank.


  25.   -----------------(2005). A Time to Choose: Caribbean Development in the 21st Century. Washington DC: The World Bank.


  26.   World Economic Forum (2010). The Global Competitiveness Report 2009-10. Geneva: World Economic Form 2009.

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